$40k a Year is How Much an Hour? + Monthly Budget Examples

Looking for a new job and wondering how much is $40,000 a year per hour? We’re breaking it all down so you’ll know if it’s enough to live on

Wondering if it’s still worth it to go for a job with a lower salary (even if it’s your dream job)?

Even if the salary isn’t as high as you’d like, at least you’re getting paid for something you love. You’ve only ever worked hourly jobs before, so you’re not sure if this new salary is enough; $40k a year is how much an hour anyways?

You might be surprised to learn that $40,000 a year is a lot of money! It may not be very easy living on that salary, but it’s definitely doable.

With the cost of living rising, it’s more important than ever to make sure your salary can cover your expenses. If your dream job pays only $40,000 a year, don’t worry – you can still live comfortably on that amount. Check out our tips on how to make the most of your income.

40k a year is how much an hour

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$40k a year is how much hourly (short answer)

  • Let’s say you work the traditional 40 hr workweek:
    • $40,000 / 52 weeks a year = $769.23 a week / 40 hours = $19.23 an hour

  • If you work 50 hrs a week (which would be more typical for a salaried worker)
    • $50,000 / 52 weeks a year = $769.23 a week / 50 hrs = $15.38 an hour

How much is $40,000 a year as a monthly salary?

  • $40,000 / 12 months = $3,333 gross pay

How much is $40,000 a year in bi-weekly pay?

  • $40,000 / 26 pay periods = $1,538 gross pay

$40k is how much a week?

  • $40,000 / 52 weeks = $769 gross income

$40,000 is how much a day?

If you work 40 hours a week, then that’s 8 hours a day for five days = $154 a day when you’re working.

$40k a year is how much an hour?

Remember you are salaried! That means you get paid that same even when you work overtime. So at five days a week…

  • 8-hour workday: $19.23 an hour
  • 10-hour workday: $15.38 an hour

Just because you make a $40,000 annual salary, you don’t take that amount home! You still have to pay taxes. Let’s look at how that impacts your take-home (after-tax) pay.

If you make $40k a year, how much is that after federal and state taxes?

Figuring out your tax burden is vital to understanding your pay. You’re in for a nasty shock if you do the math and base your bills on before-tax income! So always consider how much you’ll pay in taxes.

For example, let’s assume you’re a single filer:

  • If you live in CA, which has a very high state income tax rate…
  • You’ll pay $7,026 in FICA, federal and state taxes (roughly)
  • You’ll take home $32,974
40k a year is how much an hour tax breakdown

You can go here to give you a rough idea of how much you’ll pay. Remember, this is just a reasonable rough estimate, not a guarantee! Or, if you want a super quick calculation, taking 25-30% off your gross is a good and safe estimate for this tax bracket. This percentage would include taxes, insurance & retirement contributions.

The current tax rate for $40k a year

If you make $40k a year and are single with no children, your current tax rate is 12% for federal taxes…

  • $10,276 to $41,775 income = 12% tax rate
  • $40,526 to $86,375 income = 22% tax rate

In addition, you’ll need to take away state income taxes.

What do retirement contributions do to my take-home pay?

I am so glad you asked! Putting money into your employer-sponsored retirement plan is one of the smartest things for long-term financial planning! So yes, you absolutely want to do this!

Companies usually match a specific amount (as a percentage) of the pay that you put in. So if you put in 5% of your gross income into a traditional 401k, they will also match that 5%. Usually, companies have a max amount that they will contribute; 5% is a good general figure.

So, if you make $40,000 a year and contribute 5%, that means $2,000 annually in workplace retirement plan contributions by you and another $2,000 with your employer match!

You now have a taxable income of $38,000. Using the same calculator shown above, you’ll take home $31,298 (before insurance deductions).

  • $32,974 take home with no retirement contributions
  • $31,298 with a 5% contribution
  • = a difference of $1,676 in take-home pay (before medical and other misc deductions).

The graph below shows what a 5% retirement contribution looks like plus a 5% company match over the span of 30 years. Don’t forget that you’ll probably get raises along the way too which will bump up your future total balance.

At the end of 30 years, at 7% return, you’ll have…

  • Contributed $120,340 (total principal)
  • Earned $290,382 in interest
  • Total of $410,722

How much does insurance take from my $40,000 annual salary?

Sorry to say that we’re not done with your paycheck deductions. According to the US Bureau of Labor, “Health care is typically one of the most expensive benefits for employers to provide, constituting 8.2 percent of total compensation for civilian workers in March 2020.”

It’s important to note the precedence of what get’s taken out of your paycheck and when. Here’s the order according to the US Office of Human Resources

  • Retirement contributions come out first, followed by
  • Social Security tax
  • Medicare tax
  • Federal income tax
  • Health insurance
  • Life insurance
  • State income tax
  • Local income tax
  • Collections to the US government (if applicable)
  • Collections to Court ordered rulings (if applicable)

  • *Everything below here is optional*
  • Health Care/Limited-Expense Health Care Flexible Spending Accounts
  • Dental
  • Vision
  • Health Savings Account
  • Optional Life Insurance Premiums
  • Long-Term Care Insurance Programs
  • Dependent-Care Flexible Spending Accounts
  • Thrift Savings Plan (TSP)

Did your jaw drop? It did for me; that’s a lot of deductions. Let’s concentrate on medical deductions and how they affect your earnings. 

The situation is the same as in the above example, with a single filer making one deduction and living in California…

  • $40,000 / 12 months = $3,333
  • Minus 5% in retirement contributions $167 monthly
  • Minus FICA, federal and state taxes = $559 a month
  • Totals $2,607
  • Minus 8.2% average medical insurance costs
  • That takes out $214 leaving you with $2,393
  • Minus misc small deduction averaging $50 (a total guess)
  • = $2,343 net monthly income

This means roughly 29.7% of your paycheck is money you never see in your bank account.

$40,000 per…Before TaxesAfter Deductions
Year$40,000$28,120
Month$3,333$2,343
Bi-week$1,538$1,082
Weekly$769$545
Daily$154$108
Hourly$19.23$13.63
using 29.7% deductions for taxes, insurance & retirement

How to live on $40k a year

People often warn about lifestyle creep when you get a big income jump. This can mean that you start spending more money, sometimes without realizing it.

To stick to a monthly budget of $2,343, you need to be careful about your spending habits and ensure that all your expenses are accounted for. Here’s how to do it…

  1. Make a realistic monthly budget; here are the popular budgeting methods
  2. Live within your means (you have to say no to yourself sometimes).
  3. Save up for significant expenses (use sinking funds)
  4. Dump your debt ASAP (paying interest is eating away at your bank account, do it this way)
  5. Evaluate, Tweak & Adjust, and reanalyze (everyone needs to adjust, no one is perfect at budgeting)

How should I budget a 40k salary?

Okay, let’s take the figures from above and figure out your monthly budget. So we’re using a take-home pay of $2,343  and giving figures for two popular budgeting methods.

The 50/30/20 budgeting method

This budgeting method is good for people who like flexibility and have leeway for spontaneity. They want general guidelines, but they want options & choices too. So your monthly household budget would look like this…

  • 50% Needs: $1,172 for housing and utilities
  • 30% Wants: $703 for wants
  • 20% Savings: $469 for saving

Dave Ramsey recommended budget percentages

I am a fan of Dave’s budget percentages, but I realize that it can be too detailed and constraining for some. However, others need to be told exact amounts to help them feel comfortable and secure.

Knowing norms is a good place to start with budgeting, but know that people always tweak and adjust their numbers.

But let’s see what everything comes to…

  • Housing 25%
  • Insurance 10 – 25%
  • Food 10-15%
  • Giving 10%
  • Saving 10%
  • Transportation 10%
  • Utilities 5-10%
  • Health 5-10%
  • Recreation 5-10%
  • Personal Spending 5-10%
  • Misc 5-10%
Budget CategoryPercentageAmount
Housing25%$586
Insurance10 – 25%$234 – $586
Food10 – 15%$234 – $351
Giving10%$234
Saving10%$234
Transportation10%$234
Utilities5 – 10%$117 – $234
Health5 – 10%$117 – $234
Recreation5 – 10%$117 – $234
Personal5 – 10%$117 – $234
Misc5 – 10%$117 – $234

Can you live off of $40k a year?

These numbers are not a living wage if you live in a high cost of living area. Your housing and food expenses may be considerably higher than the budget category allowance allows, or vice versa in a low-cost of living region.

To add in another layer of difficulty, if you made $40K in a metro area, that same skill might only pay $30K in a more rural area, which can be frustrating.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics for May 2020, the average annual wage for a US worker across all occupations is $56,310. So a $40K a year job is less than the average. HOWEVER, where you live plays a significant impact in if it’s considered a good wage.

For example, the BLS states that in NYC, the average yearly salary is $71,050. While in Idaho, the average salary is $46,800. But remember, for these BLS averages, a few people skew the numbers.

A better number is the median wage; that’s the halfway point of the number of people. The BLS site shares info on the national median hourly wage being $20.07. Remember, with a 40 hr work week, that makes your $40k salary $19.23 an hour, so just under the median wage.

Another factor is your household annual income (as a whole), not just your income. So The US Census says that in 2019 (the most recent data), the median household income is $62,843. So if you make $40,000 and your spouse makes $40,000, then at $80,000 total, you are doing good.

Is $40,000 a year salary good if you’re single?

If you’re single, then your $40K salary is considered below average. You are well above the federal poverty level, but you may have a hard time paying a mortgage on your own. You’ll probably have to rent an apartment or share a house payment with another.

Is $40k a good salary for a family?

A $40,000 salary may not be enough for a family, depending on the size of the family and where they live. This salary could cover most of your essential expenses in a low-cost living area.

But in a high cost of living area, this salary won’t be enough to cover everything. You’ll either need to earn extra income or have another person in the household get a job to help support the family.

Let’s go ahead and take a look at a few other typical salaries and see how they’d support your family’s needs.

Jobs that make $40,000 a year

There are many jobs that make $40,000 a year; let’s look at Indeed’s list…

  • Admissions coordinator $40,857
  • Equipment operator – $40,860
  • Kindergarten teacher – $40,865
  • Carpenter – $41,440
  • Reporter – $42,255
  • Machinist – $42,940
  • Mental health counselor – $44,360
  • Junior copywriter – $44,532
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What skills do I need to make $40k a year?

Look at the job list above; it looks like a relatively even mix of blue-collar & white-collar jobs. And most do not require you to supervise employees (aka no managerial duties).

Many skills can help you earn a $40k salary. Communication skills are required to succeed in every job. This includes the ability to write effectively and speak clearly, as well as the capacity to listen carefully and compassionately.

Figuring out the skills you need to level up your career can be intimidating, but you can get a good brainstorming session jump start with these high-income skills.

What is a salaried job?

Salaried employees are usually called “exempt” employees. Being salaried means getting paid the same flat amount every payday, usually once a month. No matter how many hours you do or don’t work, the pay is the same unless you take unpaid time off. people say, “I get paid $40K a year.”

Pros of being salaried

  • You can better budget because you know exactly how much you’ll get each paycheck
  • You don’t have to punch in/out of a timeclock
  • These positions usually come with a better benefits package (i.e., higher retirement contributions, etc.)
  • Higher perceived status/position in the company
  • Get paid time off (paid vacation, sick leave, etc.)
  • You can work fewer hours and still get paid the same.

Cons of being salaried

  • No overtime pay, so if you work more hours, it’s not reflected in the pay
  • You might be expected to take work home with you.
  • Higher responsibility and more duties to perform

Note: According to the US Dept of Labor, “Effective January 1, 2020, employees must earn at least $684 per week ($35,568/year), receive a salary, and perform particular duties (as defined by the FLSA) to be considered exempt from overtime requirements under federal guidelines.”

What is an hourly job?

“Hourly rate” implies that you get a set amount per hour of labor performed, usually paid bi-weekly (every two weeks). For example, people would say, “I make $13.50 an hour.”

Pros of being hourly

  • These positions usually have less responsibility.
  • There are federal and state laws (as well as company HR policies that protect the company from working you too much. For example, a company might say, you cannot work over 80 hours in a two-week pay period.
  • You get overtime if you work over either 8 hours a day or over 40 hrs a week (see your company policy regarding OT).

Cons of being hourly

  • Your pay is usually lower than salaried
  • You typically don’t have a set schedule (i.e., Mon-Fri 9-5 pm).
  • In some companies with Unions, you may have to pay union dues whether you like it or not.
  • You get a biweekly paycheck, and if your bills aren’t spread out well during the month, that could cause a cash flow problem.

If you’re curious, the federal minimum wage is $7.25 (as of May 2022), and you can find your state’s minimum wage here.

Other pay options

You might be a freelancer or project-based earner as a Pinterest Manager. In other words, you are compensated for completing a job/project. This sort of work happens in all industries.

For example, you can be a flipper and make a ton of money! Rob, from Flea Market Flippers, makes well over $40,000 a year, all project-based. You can read about how to make money by flipping items.

Do you know your real hourly wage?

Okay, so I know I’ve taken you through quite a loop in deductions, but there’s one more aspect to consider. It’s your real hourly wage. Yes, we figured out your take-home pay, but what portion of that pay do you spend on work-related things? Things you wouldn’t have to pay/buy if it weren’t for your job?

For example…

  • You get coffee every day on the way to work at $5 a day (about $105 a month)
  • You take the train to get to work; that’s $70 for a monthly pass
  • You go out to lunch every day; that’s $10 a day (about $210 a month)

You’d incur other costs with different jobs, but they might be more expensive or less expensive.

Let’s take the $40,000 a year job with the understanding of a 40 hr work week. That’s $19.23 an hour. We’ll add up the three bullet points above to $385 a month. 

Divided by 21.5 average workdays in a month = $17.90 a day. Since you work 8 hours a day, that’s like working an hour of your shift and not getting paid for it.

So your hourly pay went from $19.23 an hour to effectively $16.99 an hour that you can use for your own spending. That’s your real hourly wage!

So super quickly, your $40,000 a year job went down to $35,339 a year. 

So you’re spending over $4,661 a year just to do your job. Now, I’m not saying you shouldn’t spend money on work things; you just need to be aware that this is eating into your take-home pay.

$45,000 a year is how much an hour?

  • $3,750 a month
  • $1,731 bi-weekly
  • $865 a week
  • $173 a day
  • $21.62 an hour (for 8 hr workday)

All figures are gross (before taxes).

At the end of the day

It can be tough to decide whether or not to take a job that pays less than you want. But if you break it down, $40,000 an hour is still a pretty good wage. And, if you can find ways to reduce your living costs, you may be able to live quite comfortably on that salary.

Going from hourly pay to salary is a switch, so breaking salaries down in a familiar way (i.e., hourly) can help you decide if it’s “worth it.” So I hope we answered your question, “how much is 40000 a year per hour?”

So don’t be afraid to go after a $40k job – just make sure you do the math and see if it’s still feasible once all of your expenses are taken into account.

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Q: How much is $40,000 a year per hour?

A: $19.23

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