Saving money has never been more straightforward than with sinking funds!
One of my family’s favorite things to do is to go on vacation! A weekend at the beach, a trip to Walt Disney World, or wherever. We can do it even though we’re certainly not rich, and no, we don’t go into debt for it either! Read on to learn how you too can take your family (almost) anywhere that you want to go through the magic of saving money with sinking funds!
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What is a sinking fund?
Budgets are great! You are telling your money where to go, and not wondering where it went (Dave Ramsey is credited with this little truth nugget). Yet, many people forget about the random, one-off purchases. As when you find that you need to buy soccer shoes for your son, there goes your spending budget! Ruined! Stink! Yeah, “stink” is my cuss word of choice these days, as three-year-olds are great at parroting.
Insert the sinking fund, the answer to your problem and one of the best ways to save money!
The term sinking fund originally came from managing corporate debt, and the issuance of bonds to “soften the hardship of a large outlay of revenue”, according to Investopedia. But let’s look at it from a regular household standpoint.
A sinking fund is a strategic method of saving money for a specific expense. For example – vacation, house repainting, car fund, kid’s activities, kitchen remodel, etc. The process is to identify a goal, assign it a dollar amount, decide the date of when you need it, and divide the total by the number of months left until the due date and start saving money for it!
Sinking Funds are a necessity in every great budget! You can read about my signature Better Budget, and see how it all flows together!
Example: Your son, Alex needs $240 for this season’s soccer fees, uniform, and pictures. Soccer starts in 5 months. So…
$240 / 6 months = $40 a month you need to save into your sinking fund for “kids activities”
Then come soccer season you already have the money for all the expenses! Sinking Funds are the next level of the pay yourself first model. As you should have your emergency fund in place and are contributing 15% of your gross income to your retirement accounts then go for sinking funds.
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Benefits of having sinking funds
Okay, so besides the obvious benefit of saving money there are a few other key benefits of this system of saving money
- You’re planning ahead for purchases, so you have time to think about which TV is the best, of what your Mom really wants for her birthday. In essence, you’re more mindful of your purchase so you’re likely to make a better choice and not just snatch up something halfway decent at the last moment
- Now this right here is honestly the biggest benefit to me. It’s having peace of mind! Yup! Before I had sinking funds up & running I would be so worried about the new tires I had to buy that day. “How the hell could I come up with $500 in the next month to pay off that credit card?” Now, I don’t have to worry about it. It’s a bummer sure, but it’s no big deal!
3. They say that “getting there” is half the fun, right? So when you have a savings goal tracker, let’s say for vacation, it’s a lot of fun to color in that next spot! It’s building the excitement, the anticipation. And besides, each time you fill in a segment you are damn proud of all your hard work! (way to go!)
4. When you have sinking funds set up you pay less for an item (usually). Let’s face it, we’re a credit card world. And when you buy an item with a credit card, you then carry a balance (unless you pay it off every month), which is the goal). So you end up paying interest on that item. That $45 shirt may end up costing you $67!
“Credit card balances carried from one month to the next hit $466.2 billion in December 2019, according to NerdWallet’s annual analysis of U.S. household debt.” That’s a lot of interest that’s being racked up! YIKES!
5. You can buy what you want (with your sinking fund money) and not feel guilty about it! This can be huge for the person that feels bad buying things for themselves! Or you can go on a family vacation without worrying the whole time “How am I going to pay for this?”
Because when you’re on vacation you want to enjoy it, not panic about the fact that your husband ordered the seafood extravaganza platter for dinner!
How to set up your sinking funds
If your sinking fund is a one-off, type thing (i.e., a fun yoga class) a cash envelope system will work well. I use a cash envelope for my Christmas spending money. If the sinking fund is an ongoing expense such as vacations, then consider opening up a separate checking account to hold this money. And YES, the funds must be kept separate, so there is never any confusion about what your $$$ is for.
My bank allows us to have multiple checking accounts without fees. Please check with your bank on any qualifiers that you need to meet in order to have multiple free checking accounts. You can easily get free accounts, so don’t settle if your current bank doesn’t offer it, look around for a better bank! Nerdwallet has a great post about the best banks with free checking accounts.
Don’t use savings accounts for this purpose. As a federal rule called Regulation D has put a six transaction limit on how many transactions per month you can do in & out of a savings account fee free. It’s this way for all banks, for all savings accounts.
You can also grab these sinking fund printable template tracker right here to keep your incoming and outgoing amounts organized!
Let’s say that you’ve decided that your kids always have stuff going on. So you need a permanent account, now you’ve opened a checking account (Yaaaa you!) One of the best things that you can do is to name that account “Kids”. Seriously, go into your account settings and edit the name of the account to read “Kids”. It sounds silly, but the psychology on giving things an exact name absolutely works. I have an account for my kiddo, and I could never (ever) go into that account and borrow money from it, other than for its intended use. My conscience would never allow that to fly. That account is safe.
Still need some help working through all of your sinking fund ideas? I have a workbook that walks you through the entire process from start to finish with setting up your sinking funds!
It helps you brainstorm all the potential sinking fund categories and gets it narrowed down to fit perfectly within your budget!
How much do I put in my sinking fund?
A good rule is to start planning six months out for an event, but if the item is a large dollar amount consider nine months. This way you’re not trying to save for “everything” all at once.
As you look ahead at expenses, start giving them a dollar amount and adding them into the tally. Since this is an ever-revolving account new money will flow in, and saved money will flow out. (i.e., birthday party expenses, braces, back to school clothes, school pictures, sports fees, summer camps, etc.).
A good tip is to go back through your previous bank/credit card statements and see what kind of one-off purchases there have been. Do you have enough of one type of purchase to necessitate its own category sinking fund?
General guideline of when to start funding your sinking funds for holidays
- Jan Week 1 – I start thinking about Christmas next year (yes really), between presents, holiday breakfast & dinner, stocking stuffers, and charitable contributions it adds up fast. So maybe start with $10 or $15 a week up until Thanksgiving).
- Jan Week 1 – start funding Valentines Day
- Feb Week 3 – start funding Easter
- April Week 1 – start funding Summer Vacation
- June Wk 1 – start for 4th of July
- July Wk 2 – start Back to School
- Sept Wk 2 – start Halloween
- Oct Wk 1 – start Thanksgiving
- Nov Wk2 – start New Year’s
What are the different types of sinking funds?
My family has multiple sinking funds for holding our saved money, each with their own checking account…
- Vacation fund: aka my happy place fund! This is where we save on everyday things to splurge on what we really want. Because we decided that getting away as a family is important to us. You can have an entirely different “save to splurge” account, it’s okay whatever it is. Just so long as you plan for it! You can post this vacation savings tracker on your fridge and each time you contribute to it you can color a section in and watch it grow! Nothing beats a little visual motivation!
- House fund: all large purchases such as new furniture, HVAC services, large tree limb pruning service, carpet cleaning, etc
- Car fund: car insurance, oil changes, car repairs, new tires
- Kiddo fund: all her medical costs (our three-year-old has Cerebral Palsy, so her expenses are considerable even with health insurance). Also, a new set of clothes each spring and fall (as kiddos grow fast!), etc. In the graphic below this is the “ABLE” account, it’s similar to a college savings 529 account, but it can be used for more things that just college (i.e. medical needs).
- We each also have our own personal savings, where 5% of each of our paycheck goes immediately into there. This is our extra fun money, I use this account to save for splurges.
Other types of sinking fund accounts that you can have…
- pet care
- hobby fund
- holiday fund – each of them
- insurance – life, car, home
- medical expenses, premium, co-pays, and prescriptions
- annual subscriptions (i.e. Amazon Prime, Disney+, gym membership etc)
- taxes – property, self-employment
- new clothes for you and the family
- beauty – hair cuts, waxing, nails, etc
- charitable giving
- big events – your wedding, your parents 50th anniversary, etc
- new spring veggie garden
To see a full list of what you can save for, check out the complete guide to sinking fund categories.
We used to have a sinking fund for emergency savings, but once we hit six months of living expenses, we stopped contributing. So it just holds steady, and we disperse that money to other areas.
I also use cash envelopes for my Christmas Spending money; come January week one, I start with $20 saved each week. Come November I buy a prepaid credit card, and then use that for all my holiday shopping (as I do a decent bit online). I also use cash envelopes for large, one-off purchases for things that I personally want.
The easy approach to sinking funds
If your brain is exploding with thinking of “all the things” you could have a sinking account for then let’s make this super easy on you! I am an aspiring minimalist, and personally, my brain got a bit overwhelmed with all the possible expenses. So we pared it down and do it the way I am about to describe to you.
Think of a sinking fund category that you want, add up a year’s worth of expenses, and then divide by 12. Set up an automatic deposit for that same amount every month. Done. Easy. Maybe start an account with a decent balance (say $100) from your upcoming tax return or funds from a garage sale. That way you’re primed if something comes up earlier than anticipated.
Ideas on how to front load your sinking funds by saving money
Sometimes you just need to a little bit of a head start to make this all run smooth! So here are some ways that you can get some money to fill your sinking funds before you start pulling from them.
- Try a money saving challenge! It’s actually fun to challenge yourself on how you can play Tetris with your money to make it all work. Try a no-spend month for maximum savings! Check out 17 Money Saving Challenges to Supercharge Your Bank Account
- Box up your unwanted clothes and sell them on ThredUp
- hold a garage sale
- get a part time job for a few months
- get a money making hobby – sell crafts on Etsy, walk dogs, etc
- Set aside a portion of your tax return
- Ask for cash for birthday or Christmas presents (this sounds weird I know, but it works!)
- Watch your neighbor’s kiddos 1-2 days a week
- Don’t eat out at restaurants for 1-2 months
- Get your hands on a cash windfall – (the easiest and most unlikely way of filling your sinking funds)
- If you drive a lot is there a way to cut your driving in half? Carpool?
Common Mistakes of Having Multiple Accounts and How to Sidestep
If you have the habit of all too easily transferring money back and forth into accounts, maybe consider opening an account at a separate establishment. That way, you don’t see it on your regular banking interface. For example; my family’s Emergency Fund is in a savings account at Ally Bank, I never actually see this money on banking screens, it’s entirely separate.
One of the great things about having an Ally savings account for our Emergency Fund is that it earns a MUCH HIGHER interest there than it would at our regular bank. Every day banks typically offer horrible interest rates on savings accounts, like .08% APY, while some even go as low as .01%. While Ally is now offering 2.2% (as of March 2019), yet this could change at any time).
For example, if you had a $30,000 emergency fund. In one year at a regular bank with a savings account of .08% APY you’d earn $24. While at Ally, with 2.20% you’d earn $660.
Ally bank is so consistent with their returns, service, and features that Money Magazine rated them the Best Online Bank of 2018 (source) Oh, and $0 service fees on both checking and savings accounts.
Another common problem is that people get super excited about sinking funds. So after doing all their brainstorming, organizing and such they end up with 50 different things they are saving for. Which is good that you’re planning on saving for things, but it’s a bit of overkill which can dilute and confuse the process.
I personally don’t want more than 10 SF’s, and only the ones mentioned above (vacation, car fund, house fund, kiddo fund) have their own separate accounts. I could see adding more funds if they were cash envelope only.
The savings hierarchy
Also don’t forget that with all of these short term saving goals for spending money that you DO still need to save for the long term (aka retirement), so be sure that you are funding your 401(k) or IRA first are foremost! Here’s the savings heiarchy…
- starter emergency fund of $1,000
- retirement contribution to get full matching amount
- fully fund emergency fund of 6-9 months living expenses
- fund retirement up to goal percentage (aim for 10-15% of gross pay)
- fund sinking funds
My Family’s Pay Yourself First Payment Structure
If you want to see how I manage our family’s sinking funds here it is, and I’ve done it this way for 4+ years, so I know this works!
I plan my sinking fund into my monthly budget so that the money is planned! And from a cash flow perspective my sinking funds get paid first, before I pay any bills! (my family’s priorities come first!)
At the end of the month
When I reconcile bills at the end of the month, I look at our credit card statement and tally up any expenses for our sinking fund accounts. Then I transfer money out of those sinking fund accounts, into our main account, and then I pay the cc bill out of that main account.
Sinking fund example:
- At the beginning of the month (a few days after payday), $50 get’s transferred into the kiddo account.
- During the month I charge a few of her medical co-pays and bought her some new clothes.
- At the end of the month, I look at the credit card bill and add up everything that was a charge for her, let’s say it was $75.
- I transfer out $75 from her account into our main checking account.
- Repeat with other sinking fund accounts for the month.
- Pay the cc bill from the main checking account.
It may seem like an odd way to save money, maybe a bit clunky at first (as anything new takes a bit of getting used to). But this process of an entire month’s bill pay probably takes 30 minutes, one time a month. That’s it!
Don’t forget to grab your Sinking Funds Made Simple Workbook so you have a framework for your own sinking fund needs and get started on it today!
At the end of the day
Saving Money is hard, it makes sense to make it as easy as possible by distinguishing what money is for what purpose. Once you get it set up and automated it is so easy! It feels so good to see those balances grow every month, as we know that we are putting our family’s priorities first, making sure that what really matters to us is taken care of.
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- The Complete Guide to Sinking Fun Categories