What I wish I knew in my 20’s about growing my money with compound interest!
Ugh. Financial Regret, just reading that makes my skin crawl, I won’t even say it out loud, as that would make me die just a little bit. There are plenty of things I have done that I regret. The snide comments I made to others (not proud here), the guys I dated, the jobs I took, and the chances that I didn’t take. I can go years without thinking about some of these things, yet there’s one regret that seems so trivial, yet I cannot get over it, I think about it often. It’s financial regret, of what I didn’t do, the opportunity that I didn’t take because I didn’t even really know about it. The regret of not capitalizing on the benefits of compound interest.
Were you expecting something more dramatic? I’m a finance writer; this is what I eat, sleep and breathe. This is the most crushing blow to my psyche that you could deal to me (other than the obvious death of my family, or doughnuts being outlawed).
So get your laughs out, and then sit up straight and pay attention. Because if you are unaware of what compound interest does, AND WHAT IT CAN DO FOR YOU, then I am here to ring that bell because school is now in session!
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How does compound interest work?
“Compound interest can be defined as interest calculated on the initial principal and also on the accumulated interest of previous periods. Think of it as the cycle of earning “interest on interest” which can cause wealth to rapidly snowball” (source)
Wait, what does that even mean? In a nutshell, this means that as time passes, you will make more money each time period, on your initial investment (usually monthly or yearly compounding period), because interest is then added to that investment, and then the next months is added in on top of it.
Conversely, with compounding interest, you will pay more for the pleasure of borrowing money (aka credit card interest rates fees ), but this is usually calculated daily). So charging a $29 shirt on your credit card will soon calculate into costing you $47 overall if you don’t pay your credit card off in full every month. Ugh, that sucks huh. But let’s not look at it that way, let’s go back to the sunny side of compound interest, the earning of it. But first, let’s look at compound interest’s younger and less complicated brother – simple interest.
What is simple interest?
Simple interest is the amount of the initial investment calculated with the agreed upon rate. Just as the name implies it’s an easier, simpler, and more straightforward calculation.
You would use simple interest for a personal loan, or a car loan. If you are the “borrower” of money, this is the better deal for you.
While a compound interest account is a savings account, or when you’ve invested money in a mutual fund, or a Roth IRA (retirement savings), or an interest-bearing account, for example.
Your financial institution may offer you a money market account as to where your monthly deposits can be made, that account is like a holding tank for your money. It’s not earning you any investment returns until you have bought shares. Usually, people will save up a good chunk of money in their MMA, and then buy-in when they have a large enough account balance. So don’t just deposit your money into that account and think that you’re earning interest income, you’re not.
Compound interest formula and simple interest formula
simple interest = dollar amount of initial loan x interest rate
Examples of compound interest and simple interest
Let’s say you had $1,000 to invest for the next five years at 7% interest. What would that dollar figure look like with each formula?
$1000 x .07 = $70 x 5 years = $350 earned in interest + initial investment of $1,000 = $1,350.
I am going to write this one out in long format to give an easier visual. It’s the same formula as above, just broken down by year, which I feel is easier to understand. (interest is compounded annually).
Year 1: $1,000 x .07 = $70
$1,000 + $70 = $1,070
Year 2: $1,070 x .07 = $74.90
$1,070 + $74.90 = $1,144.90
Year 3: $1,144.90 x .07 = $80.14
$1,144.90 + $80.14 = $1,225.04
Year 4: $1,225.04 x .07 = $85.75
$1,225.04 + $85.75 = $1,310.79
Year 5: $1,310.79 x .07 = $91.76
$1,310.79 + $91.76 = $1,402.55
Obviously, if this was an investment you’d like $1,402.55 vs $1350 as a return. I know that’s not a lot of difference between the end result, but remember it was a very low initial amount of $1,000.
Using online simple and compounding interest calculators
Here’s the funny thing about me, I stink at math. Yup, I use a calculator for everything more complicated than counting up to 10 (I use my fingers for that). Even back in the day, before cell phones, I carried a calculator around in my handbag.
Here is a useful online simple & compound interest calculator, which has just enough variables to help you, but not confuse you. Yes, some calculators try and get all fancy with oddball options, but they are unnecessary, so even though these calculators may look simplistic, they are just fine and all that you really need. Just make sure you start on the right tab (simple vs compound).
Why should you even care about compound interest?
Let’s come back to my biggest financial regret, not using the power of compound interest to my advantage. Because please, I want to relive my agony (I might be exaggerating a bit) so that I can help YOU not make the same mistake that I and hundreds of thousands of others do every day.
The power of compound interest in saving for retirement
Recall that compound interest takes your initial investment and then figures out an interest payment on that principal plus the previous time periods interest earnings, and this compounding effect keeps rolling and rolling every single month without fail. Hopefully, in the example of retirement accounts, it will roll for a good 30-60 years.
What I wish I would have done in my 20’s was to have saved as much as I could have and invested it into my retirement savings. Let’s say if I could have invested $400 every month starting at age 23 I would be set right now with the future value of my investments. But I didn’t.
My reality is that I saved $50 a month at that age, it was great that I was saving, but I had no idea what my money could have been doing for me! It KILLS ME to think about the amount of money that I spent on things that I didn’t really need, but I had the money, my bills were covered so I blew the money on dumb stuff.
So here’s a scenario that’s a lot closer to what I did, from age 23 up to let’s say the age of 53 because a good round 30 years is a good amount of time for having money in a retirement account. Let’s also say my initial investment was $500, I deposited $50 every month and got a 7% rate of return.
By the end of 30 years I will have $64,450. not bad, but not great either.
Now let’s take that same initial investment, same time, and rate of return and I was killing it by putting $250 into that account. My investment would have ended up being $307,025. Did you choke? I did, even though I’ve run these calculations many, many times before.
Let’s say this was an IRA, and I maxed out my yearly contributions at $5500 (update – the limit is now $6,000), that’s $458 dollars a month. That would have ended up being $559,700. There’s a rock in my stomach. Do you have a rock in your stomach? Maybe it’s a lovely little nauseous feeling. Oh joy.
Yes, these equations were very even and straightforward, and life isn’t like that. Annual contribution limits increase, your average interest rate can (and will) go down drastically, or up even, or you may not always be able to save $458 a month, which is totally reasonable because that’s a hefty savings amount to go straight into retirement, especially if you have a family to consider.
Yet, the fact remains, most of us would rather have $559,700 in our bank accounts than $64,450.
This is my biggest financial regret, not saving more money from my salary, it hurts especially because when I was young and single, with a decent job I could have saved more. But I just didn’t know, so I didn’t do it. Now I am playing catch up, and I’ll be playing catch up for the rest of my life.
How to be a Financial Powerhouse – start retirement savings early!
Another way that I could have helped my future self out would have been to start saving & investing earlier. Now starting a retirement account at 23 yrs old is pretty dang good. I’m proud of myself. But if I didn’t want to have to save $458 a month, I could have started earlier. If I had started five years earlier (all other things being equal), I could have gotten the same $559,700 by saving $312 a month. Or if I started ten years earlier, I would have only had to save $215 a month.
Again, I want to stress the simplicity of the equations; I didn’t take into account market fluctuations as I want to create a linear picture to help with understanding the concept of compounding interest, so please don’t get all crazy on me with specifics, or historical trends and such. We cool? Thanks.
How you can get started growing your money through investing
Many people don’t know how to get started with saving money in an investment account, so they put it off. This is a totally natural reaction, yet this is the worst thing you can do! Open an account for an IRA with a respected and trusted firm. Google it. I personally have my accounts with Vanguard, as they have some of the lowest fees for INDEX funds around. You could choose Charles Schwab or Fidelity, the main thing is to just get started.
Now you need some starting money to get the ball rolling! Maybe consider doing a money-saving challenge!
Or throw a garage sale, make items to sell on Etsy, or whatever. Now some investment firms do require an initial deposit of a certain dollar amount – Vanguard just lowered their admiral accounts to a $3,000 buy-in, yet there are options at $1,000 opening.
Once you open it, you need to fund it regularly, the amount is up to you, but remember the power of compound interest! If you can swing more (the max for an IRA is $6,000 in 2021) then by all means do so! Just make sure you are consistent! I practice the Pay Yourself First model, so I always know that my long-term goals are gaining traction!
At the end of the day
If you haven’t started saving money yet, don’t waste your time with regret. I’ve got that covered enough for the both of us. I wish I could let this go, and I try hard every day. If I ever go back to therapy, then this will totally be on the agenda of the “guilt to ditch” list. Trust me; this regret is a WASTE. Focus your energy and attention on starting now, whatever day it is, start today.
Related articles to growing wealth with compound interest:
- 17 Money Saving Challenges to Supercharge Your Bank Account
- The Most Important Strategy to Help You Build Wealth
- Are You Throwing Your Money Away on Credit Card Interest Fees?
- How to Save More Money From Your Salary